DR Congo IV
Return to War, November 2008
Eastern parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo have seen renewed fighting since the beginning of the year. Over 250,000 people have fled the most recent violence which flared in August between Congolese government forces and CNDP rebels, loyal to General Laurent Nakunda. They have been demanding protection from Rwandan Hutu rebels who fled to Congo after Rwanda’s 1994 genocide.
This has renewed fears that the fighting will see a re-run of the five-year Congolese war, which involved nine nations, before it ended in 2003. The UN has accused both sides of war crimes during the latest upsurge in violence. Despite a peace deal, the presence of the world’s largest peace force, MONUC, and UN-backed elections, the resource-rich east of the country remains volatile.